30 – Terrestrial fauna and flora
Objective of the program
To develop a study for identifying and listing the impact of the collapse within the environmental area 1(areas comprised by the deposit of tailings in the channels and riverbanks of the Gualaxo do Norte, Carmo and Doce rivers, considering the respective passages of their formation streams and tributaries, as well as estuarine, coastal and marine regions in the parts impacted by the collapse), of the terrestrial endangered species and present a conservation plan for the terrestrial fauna and flora.
• On 04/04/2020, the Consolidated Elaboration Report and the Executive Summary of the Action Plan for the Conservation of Terrestrial Fauna and Flora affected by the Fundao Dam collapse, were approved by the Technical Board-Biodiversity (TB-Bio) in compliance with the first paragraph of Clause 168 of the Transaction and Conduct Adjustment Term (TTAC).
• Field collections of botanical and genetic material and soil samples for monitoring terrestrial flora in area being studied. Flora measurements and data collection in the period from 03/14 to 03/20/2020 showed measurements of 4,279 plants.
• On 03/19/2020, field activities of the 3rd campaign for monitoring terrestrial fauna in the rainy season in the study area were halted, due to the recommendations for preventing the spread of COVID-19.
• On 02/13/2020 and 02/14/2020, meetings were held to present the progress and alignments regarding the Action Plan for the Biodiversity Conservation affected by the collapse of the Fundao dam in Mariana/MG, together with the Technical Advisory Group (GAT). During the event, the following were presented and discussed: the Action Plan of the Sustainable Land Use programs and its actions underway; the strategy for critical evaluation of the proposed actions and for the implementation of actions dependent on research RFPs; in addition to deliberating the next steps.
• On 01/20/2020 and 01/21/2020, the “Workshop to Review the Definition of the Biodiversity Programs” was held, in compliance with TTAC Clause 203. The participative event was attended by the Renova Foundation, representatives of TB-Bio and the Prosecution Service to review the objectives, scope, indicators and targets, and criteria for closing programs 28 - Biodiversity Conservation -, 29 - Improving Wildlife Screening and Rehabilitation Structures -, 30 - Conservation of Terrestrial Flora and Fauna -, and 39 - Conservation Units.
• On 01/27/2020, the license was issued that authorizes the capture and collection of terrestrial fauna, related to the activities of “Assessment of Impacts and Monitoring of Terrestrial Flora and Fauna in the States of Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo”, necessary for compliance with IBAMA Notification 678322-E and TTAC Clause 168.
• Beginning of the 2020 rainy season monitoring campaign with sampling of herpetofauna in modules in Marlieria/MG, inside the Doce River State Park, and Resplendor/MG, in the vicinity of the Sete Saloes State Park; and monitoring of terrestrial flora, with sampling on lots located in Linhares/ES, Mariana/MG, Santana do Paraiso/MG, Ipaba/MG and Periquito/MG, in compliance with the monitoring defined by Notification IBAMA 678322-E and TTAC Clause 168.
• Publication of the executive summary of the Action Plan for the conservation of terrestrial biodiversity, scheduled for 2019, has not been completed. Cause: The Technical Board (CT-Bio) requested the budget for the actions, to be presented together with the summary, which, due to the high complexity of preparing the budget without a detailed Action Plan, impacted the deadline for submitting the summary for CT-Bio’s approval, required for publication. Countermeasure: The budget was prepared and the executive summary must be approved by CT-Bio for later publication.
• On 11/04, the field teams were mobilized for the second Terrestrial Flora and Soil Monitoring Campaign in Environmental Area 1. Samples of terrestrial flora field have already been collected in 12 plots in the municipality of Linhares (ES).
• On 11/13, the authorization was issued for collection, capture and transportation of biological material for data collection of fauna, referring to the “Impact Assessment and Monitoring of Terrestrial Flora and Fauna in the States of Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo”, which was required for compliance with Ibama Notice 678322-E and TTAC Clause 168.
• On 11/14, field activities started for herpetofauna monitoring in the rainy season. For herpetofauna, samples are collected twice in the rainy season, due to the dependence of hot and humid climate for the activities of most animals belonging to this group. Data collection for other monitored terrestrial fauna groups (including herpetofauna) is scheduled to begin in January 2020.
• On 10/08, CT-Bio presented the executive summary of the action plan for terrestrial biodiversity conservation, as determined by Normative Instruction No. 25/2012 of the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conversation (ICMBio), and the corresponding budget of the first implementation phase of the Action Plan.
• On 10/16, the internal contracting process for suppliers to continue the monitoring of terrestrial fauna in Environmental Area 1 was completed, in compliance with IBAMA Notice 678322-E and TTAC Clause 168. The mobilization of the teams began in October, with field activities scheduled to begin with herpetofauna sampling in November.
• On 10/24, the kickoff was formalized for the Action Plan for the Conservation of Terrestrial Flora and Fauna Affected by the Fundao Dam Collapse, in a meeting with the Technical Advisory Group (GAT). The objective of the Action Plan is to restore populations and habitats of target species within scope of the Plan within 10 years. Ninety-two actions were outlined, encompassing activities such as Biodiversity, Sustainable Land Use, Environmental Education, Economy and Innovation, among others.
• On 10/31, the analytical report of the Rapid Ecological Assessment of the Doce River terrestrial flora and fauna was filed with the Technical Board of Conservation and Biodiversity (CT-Bio). The report aims to present the analysis of the results obtained during the 2018 drought and 2019 rainy season of the Terrestrial Flora and Fauna Monitoring Campaigns of the Rapid Ecological Assessment in the Doce River Basin, in the areas affected by the Fundao dam collapse in the states of Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo.
• On 09/04/19, a presentation was made to the Technical Board of Conservation and Biodiversity (CT-Bio) regarding the budget of the Action Plan for Terrestrial Biodiversity Conservation and the implementation premises for the first two years of activities, focusing on the plan’s actions that are already underway by the Renova Foundation. Next, the Plan of Action Advisory Group (GAT) is scheduled to meet on 10/24/2019, with the presence of specialists, members of CT-Bio and the Renova Foundation, to formalize the official starting point of the implementation of the Terrestrial Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan.
• On 09/12/19, the internal hiring process for the continuity of monitoring of terrestrial flora and soils in Environmental Area 1 was completed, in compliance with IBAMA Notification No. 678322-E. During the month of October, the team will be mobilized and the trails cleared where samples will be collected, followed by the start of the field activities of the second terrestrial flora and soil monitoring cycle, scheduled for November.
• The completion of the internal contracting process for suppliers to continue the monitoring of terrestrial fauna in Environmental Area 1, in compliance with IBAMA Notification 678322-E, scheduled for September, was rescheduled for October due to the delayed approval by the Board of Governors for hiring and issuing the technical opinion of the supply area, necessary for this phase.
• On 08/19/2019, an alignment was made with representatives of IBAMA and the Technical Board of Conservation and Biodiversity (CT-Bio) of the implementation of the Action Plan for Conservation of Terrestrial Biodiversity, with presentation and alignment of the strategy for definition of the premises for the execution of Phase I actions of the plan and budget preparation.
• The Protocol of the Consolidated Report of Terrestrial Flora Monitoring - referring to data from the rapid ecological assessment monitoring campaign, carried out in the 2018 dry season -, planned for July, was rescheduled to October 2019 due to CT-Bio's request to change the data evaluation methodology as discussed at the workshop held in July.
• On 07/01/19 and 07/02/2019, the first workshop was held to evaluate and discuss the results of the first cycle of terrestrial flora and fauna monitoring in Belo Horizonte (MG). The workshop focused on the discussion of the data produced during the 2018 dry season campaign. The event was attended by the thematic coordinators of the contractor, Renova Foundation's technical team and representatives of the Technical Board of Conservation and Biodiversity (CT-Bio).
• The Protocol of the Consolidated Report of Terrestrial Flora Monitoring, referring to data from the rapid ecological assessment monitoring campaign, carried out in the 2018 dry season, planned for July, was rescheduled to September 2019. Replanning was done after CT-Bio requested to adjust the form of evaluation of the monitoring results of the campaigns during the workshop held in early July.
• The seminar to evaluate and discuss the results of the semi-annual monitoring of terrestrial flora and fauna for the first dry season monitoring cycle of 2018, scheduled for June 2019, will be held in July 2019.
• In June, technical proposals for the monitoring of flora, fauna and soils for the beginning of the second monitoring cycle, scheduled for October 2019, were received and analyzed. The next steps will be the analysis of the commercial proposals and the negotiation to sign the contract, under the responsibility of the Renova Foundation's supply area, to continue the monitoring of terrestrial flora and fauna in compliance with IBAMA Notification No. 679322-E.
• On 05/29/2019, the first consolidated report of the terrestrial fauna monitoring was filed with the Technical Board (CTBio), referring to the first monitoring campaign in the 2018 dry season.
• End of sampling activities of the 2nd Terrestrial Fauna Monitoring Campaign (rainy season - cycle 1), closing the field activities of the Rapid Ecological Assessment.
• Completion of the soil monitoring activities of the 1st monitoring cycle carried out during the rainy season.
• Approval of the Consolidated Report of the Action Plan for Terrestrial Biodiversity by CTBio. Upon approval by the Technical Board, a recommendation will be forwarded to the CIF for approval.
Completion of the majority of samples of the groups of fauna in the field, part of the 2nd Campaign for Monitoring of Terrestrial Fauna (rainy season 1). The samples of the group of bees of module 23T in Mariana are still pending, and will be finalized in the first week of April.
Approval, in the CIF, of the Consolidated Report of the Action Plan for Land Biodiversity-PA, in which the recovery of endangered species of terrestrial flora and fauna were described and structured, and that will be implemented in the areas impacted and consolidated in this report.
On 01/16, the second campaign to monitor terrestrial fauna (rainy season) was started for the group of medium and large mammals. In the areas, methods of direct and indirect data collection were employed, using mist nets, dip nets, fruit traps, among others.
This survey is part of the methodology to evaluate the population of the fauna in the Doce River basin, established by the environmental agencies.
The CIF revised the definition of the Program, in compliance with Technical Note No. 16/2018/CTBio/DIBIO/ICMBio* dated 10/01/2018. In this review, the resolutions and other documents that have emerged since the last review were updated (information on actions taken and in progress), timeframes, adequacy of the analytical framework of the programs, and review of indicators and costs.
The first herpetofauna campaign of the rainy season was completed. This survey is part of the methodology to evaluate the population of the fauna in the Doce River Basin, established by the environmental agencies. Herpetofauna is an artificial group created to designate reptile and amphibian species in general.
The Consolidated Report of the Action Plan was filed in which the recovery actions for threatened terrestrial flora and fauna species were drafted and structured. They will be implemented in the impacted areas as consolidated in the report.
Filed with Ibama (Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Renewable Resources) is the Technical Topography Report related to the installation of infrastructure modules RAPELD - combination of the acronyms and concepts applied in the Rapid Assessment Program (RAP) and PELD (Long Term Ecological Study Program) to study the biodiversity in the Doce River basin.
This report is an integral part of the actions to study the impacts and monitoring of terrestrial flora and fauna in the states of Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo in areas affected by the Fundao dam collapse, at the Germano mine of Samarco Mining S.A., which is part of the Alegria Complex, located in the district of Santa Rita Durao (municipality of Mariana), in Minas Gerais. The report was revised according to guidelines aligned with IBAMA on 10/22 and involve the exclusion/relocation of not-installed points.
On 10/08, the synthesis report of the planning workshop held in Aug/18 was filed with the CTBio (Technical Board of Biodiversity). This workshop was conducted by the Bicho do Mato Research Institute, contracted by the Renova Foundation, and was attended by the main interested entities, such as researchers with experience in the Doce River area, representatives of federal and state public agencies (IBAMA, ICMBio, IEF, IEMA, state police), associations, NGOs, managers of the Conservation Units and other institutions working in the region. In it, actions were raised and structured for the recovery of endangered species of terrestrial flora and fauna and they will be implemented in the areas impacted and consolidated in this report.
From 10/02 to 10/04, a workshop was held in Belo Horizonte on Goals and Indicators of the Action Plan for the Conservation of Terrestrial Biodiversity of the Doce River, with the participation of the Technical Advisory Group (GAT), composed of researchers and representatives of public bodies and the Renova Foundation. In it, the indicators and respective goals were established, which will make it possible to verify if the recovery actions of the terrestrial flora and fauna species are effective.
There were no relevant facts in September.
A workshop was held on participatory planning, a step outlined in the normative instruction (IN 25), which establishes, among others, the procedures for creating and monitoring the implementation of the National Action Plans for the Conservation of Endangered Species, within the framework of the The Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conversation (ICMBio). This workshop was moderated by Bicho do Mato, a company contracted by the Renova Foundation, and was attended by the main interested parties, such as researchers that have experience with the Doce River, representatives of federal and state public agencies (IBAMA, ICMBio, IEF, IEMA, state police ), associations, NGOs, Managers of Conservation Units and other institutions working in the region. In it, actions were raised and structured for the recovery of endangered terrestrial flora and fauna species that will be implemented in the impacted areas.
Monitoring began of terrestrial fauna in Environmental Area 1 and area of direct influence. The information obtained from this monitoring and collection of terrestrial flora, which started this April, will provide part of the data for the Rapid Ecological Assessment Study. This study will evaluate the impacts on terrestrial flora and fauna in this region, after the dam collapse.
Based on this evaluation it will be possible to direct the elaboration of terrestrial flora and fauna restoration actions that will comprise the PABT (Terrestrial Biodiversity Action Plan).
We will have 120 monitoring points of terrestrial flora and fauna throughout Environmental Area 1 and Direct Influence, monitoring species from invertebrates to mammals. Of the 120 monitoring points, 45% have already been demarcated through the installation of transects and plots. R$ 12 million will be invested in just 1 YEAR of monitoring.
This month, Ibama issued a permit to capture wildlife, which allows the monitoring of terrestrial fauna in Environmental Area 1 and its Direct Area of Influence.
The information obtained through this work on terrestrial flora collections (started in April this year) will provide part of the data for the Rapid Ecological Assessment.
The analysis will assess impacts on terrestrial flora and fauna in this region after the dam collapse. Based on this, it will be possible to direct the recovery actions of this biodiversity, that will compose the Plan of Action for Earth Biodiversity (PABT).
In May, the secondary data survey report was submitted, a step that the National Action Plan (PAN) drafting and implementing normative instructions provide for. The report issued by Bicho do Mato contains information on the conservation of ecosystems, considering structural, economic, social and historical components. This information will point to factors that threaten land fauna and flora and will subsidize the definition of recovery action to be taken in the impacted areas.
In March, the Renova Foundation started installing transects and parcels, which are areas delimited by a strip of land and where the terrestrial fauna and flora are monitored. The following month, sample collection began of the terrestrial flora in the municipality of Ipaba, which will provide part of the data to conduct the Rapid Ecological assessment study.
This study will assess the impacts on terrestrial flora and fauna in Environmental Area 1 and in the area of direct influence. This way, it will be possible to define the actions for recovery of terrestrial flora and fauna that will be part of the National Action Plan (PAN). It is emphasized that the fauna survey is to start after the license for water withdrawal and collection is issued by IBAMA.
CTBio also approved the document that defines the purpose of the PAN for the recovery of terrestrial flora and fauna in Environmental Area 1 and the area of direct influence. With this at hand, it will be possible to start the workshops on planning of the recovery actions.
The preparatory meeting for the PAN was also held. In this stage participated: Renova, the company Bicho do Mato and representatives of Ibama, ICMBio, Iema and IEF. During the meeting the following was approved: the list of participants, logistics, costs, programming and the coordination and implementation team of the planning workshops. The recovery actions of terrestrial flora and fauna will be defined during this activity.
Implementation of first plots and transects - stage prior to the monitoring of terrestrial flora and fauna.
Program activities are ongoing.
In January, the Renova Foundation filed a document with the Interfederative Committee and CTBio with the proposal of the National Plan of Action for Terrestrial Species Threatened by Extinction within Environmental Area 1 - Doce River (PAN Doce River). In addition, the institution that will perform the monitoring of terrestrial flora and fauna was contracted.
The Renova Foundation has finalized the competitive process for the selection of the institution that will carry out the monitoring of terrestrial fauna and flora. The institution that will prepare the National Action Plan (PAN) was contracted and already at work.
In November, Renova continued its contact with owners/managers of the areas proposed for monitoring flora and fauna, in order to obtain approval for interventions.
It met with Ibama in the Federal District to present the status of this negotiation with the owners and the proposal to change the location of some sample units for monitoring terrestrial flora and fauna.
In addition, the competitive process for the selection of the institution that will implement the National Action Plan (PAN) has been finalized.
Renova contacted owners and managers of areas that were recommended for the monitoring of flora and fauna. The intention was to obtain the approval for interventions. Some of them were not located. The Renova Foundation is looking for alternative areas. Those who were contacted, asked for some time to consider.
A working plan for the preparation of the National Action Plan for Terrestrial Species Threatened by Extinction within the Environmental Area 1 - Doce River (PAN Doce River) was submitted to CTBio, with a proposal for a Terrestrial Fauna and Flora Monitoring Program, in response to deliberation 91 of the Inter-Federative Committee (CIF).
Conduct studies to define the scope of work and planning of actions, so that, after approval, the implementation is initiated.
Program activities are ongoing.
The Working Plan was submitted to IBAMA - ES with the proposal of a Monitoring Program for Soil Fauna and Flora.
Awaiting contracting of the company that will prepare the National Action Plan (PAN), a study on the conservation of terrestrial fauna and flora.
In definition phase.
Pending evaluation by the Biodiversity Technical Board (CTBio) on the study for identification and characterization of the impact of the collapse of the Fundão dam in environmental area 1.
So far, no information has been received on the studies previously filed.
The Working Plan in accordance with the Notification on terrestrial fauna was sent to the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Renewable Resources (Ibama). Upon receipt, the Institute presented suggestions and additions that should be put into practice.
On December 27, the impact assessment of the fauna and flora species threatened with extinction along the area affected by the collapse of the Fundão dam, elaborated by the company Golder Associates Brazil, was filed with the Inter-Federative Committee (CIF).
According to determination of clause 168, the company Golder Associates Brazil is working on the elaboration of the assessment of impacts on the species of fauna and flora threatened with extinction throughout the area affected by the collapse of the Fundão dam.
During this month, the assessment started of the impact on endangered fauna and flora species throughout the impacted area.
Golder Associates Brazil was hired to carry out an assessment of the impact on terrestrial fauna and flora, as per caput of clause 168. The document prepared by the company will be submitted to the Inter-Federative Committee (CIF) in December 2016, meeting the TTAC deadline. After analysis by the Technical Board of Conservation and Biodiversity (CTBio), this document will supplement the elaboration of the National Action Plan for terrestrial fauna and flora, thus fully addressing the provisions of the TTAC clause.