The Construction of Gesteira
ABOUT THE DISTRICT
Located 18 km from Barra Longa (MG), the district of Gesteira Velha was one of the towns affected by the collapse of the Fundao dam on November 5, 2015. The daily routine and way of life of the community that lived on the banks of the Gualaxo do Norte river was ripped away. In all, twenty families, eight houses, one shop, eleven lots, one Catholic church, one soccer field and one school were affected.
Over the years, the town of Gesteira has been marked by environmental disasters. In 1979, the town was flooded by the Gualaxo do Norte River. The residents took refuge on a neighboring site located in a higher part of the region. This area was donated by a local farmer to families to rebuild their lives. Together, the residents built their new houses, their recreational areas, shops, sports court, square, their backyards, sites for raising livestock and cultivation. This way, Gesteira was divided into two: the Old, the lower part, and the New, the top, now called Mutirao. This part also suffered damages due to the collapse.
Since the collapse, emergency actions have been implemented such as financial aid, temporary housing in Mariana, Barra Longa and Gesteira, where the families currently reside, health care and psychosocial assistance. The Municipal School Gustavo Capanema was rebuilt and the square and the sports court of the village were renovated.
The serious consequences of the dam collapse have generated work focused on the resettlement of the community in a collective way in which all the residents of the place of origin will have the option to move to a new common space, maintaining, as much as possible, characteristics of the place they came from. The need to build the settlement and re-establish its conditions and ways of life reinforces the central focus of the Renova Foundation on the resettlements.
In the case of Gesteira, the community selected the land, along with the technical advisory body, and followed the following steps:
UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS
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