Fundação Renova

27 – Springs recovery

Objective of the program

To recover five thousand springs, 500 per year.

Progress of Program

• Submission of the Integrated Rural and Economic Development Plans for the states of Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo, on 07/31, in compliance with and determined in the public civil action. The plan for Espirito Santo is already in its first revision, considering the comments in technical note 76/2020 issued by the Technical Board of Economy and Innovation.
Upper Doce River
• Maintenance activities were suspended in Coimbra/MG due to the non-release by the Municipal Office.
Mid Doce River
• There were no relevant facts this month.
Lower Doce River
• There were no relevant facts this month.

Upper Doce River
• Maintenance activities were suspended in Coimbra (MG) due to non-release by the Municipal Office.
Mid Doce River
• Continuation of maintenance activities.
Lower Doce River
• Launch of RFP for hiring forest restoration institutions. In addition to planting and regenerating, the scope also covers ATERA (Technical Assistance for Environmental Regularization), engagement, and forest maintenance activities.

Upper Doce River
• There were no relevant facts.
Mid Doce River
• Resuming maintenance activities.
Lower Doce River
• There were no relevant facts.

• Following the warnings from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health and given the increase in confirmed coronavirus cases (new COVID-19 virus) in Brazil, the Renova Foundation decided to adopt preventive and safety measures, suspending its field activities.
Upper Doce River
• Completion of forest plantation on properties in Coimbra/MG in March/2020.
Mid Doce River
• Planting of Macauba palm trees in settlements and on the Pataxos Indigenous Territories.
Lower Doce River
• There were no relevant facts.

• Following the warnings from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health and given the increase in confirmed coronavirus cases (new COVID-19 virus) in Brazil, the Renova Foundation decided to adopt preventive and safety measures, suspending its field activities.
• Completion of the forest inventory field survey for diagnosis in the Pontoes and Lagoas and Santa Maria do Doce sub-basins, and commencement of data collection activities in the state of Minas Gerais in the Manhuaçu and Suaçui basins.
Upper Doce River
• Planting activities on properties in Coimbra/MG.
Mid Doce River
• Second expedition to verify the identification of species and to evaluate the methodology for implementing forest inventory.
• Completion by Inovesa of the first stage of year 3 of forest maintenance at the springs of year 01 (2016/2017) in the Suaçui Sub-Basin.
Lower Doce River
• Implementation of experiments for studying forest restoration models in order to identify the best planting methodology to be applied in the Lower Doce River territory.
• Obtaining signatures of the terms of commitment of the owners participating in the program in the Pontoes and Lagoas Sub-Basin for year 03 (2018/2019).
• Completion of activities by the Technical Information and Assessment Center (CIAAT) in year 03 (2018/2019) in the Pontoes and Lagoas Sub-Basin.

Upper Doce River
• Planting activities on properties in Coimbra/MG.
Mid Doce River
• There were no relevant facts this month.
Lower Doce River
• Completion of the mobilization of the institutions Emflora and Vital, responsible for forest restoration in Marilandia/ES, Pancas/ES and Colatina/ES.

• Closure of RFP for forest restoration on January 1, 2020, with several applications from producers of the following basins: Turvo Limpo River, Itambacuri River, Eme River, Corrente Grande River, Laranjeiras River, Manhuaçu River, Guandu River and Iriritimirim River. The meetings were attended by more than 1,200 people and involved several institutions, such as the Doce River Basin committees and their affluent committees.
Upper Doce River
• Planting activities on properties in Coimbra/MG.
Mid Doce River
• Continuation of planting activities in the municipalities of Galileia/MG, Governador Valadares/MG and Periquito/MG.
• Continuation of forest maintenance activities in the spring areas of Year 01 (2016/2017).
Lower Doce River
• Kickoff with the institution Emflora, responsible for forest restoration in Marilandia/ES and Colatina/ES for the next 12 months.
• Conclusion of very promising first tests of mechanical soil preparation through subsoiling, with approved technical results and economic evaluation in progress.

An agreement was signed with the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), with the objective of developing an innovative large-scale forest restoration project integrated with regional rural development at the landscape level, in an inclusive community approach, in order to be replicated in 40 thousand hectares of degraded permanent preservation areas in the Doce River Basin.
Implementation of Demonstration Units in the towns of Governador Valadares (MG) and Periquito (MG), which should serve as references for good planting practices.
The planting of Year 2 (2017/2018) has not been fully completed. As of December, planting and/or regeneration in 206 springs was carried out. Cause: Termination of contract with the company previously hired to perform the planting service. Countermeasure: Companies were hired to assume the scope not fulfilled by the previous supplier. In addition, planting that should have been carried out in Year 2 (2017/2018) and that has not been completed will be carried out in parallel with the following years.
The mobilization and engagement of rural producers to be contemplated in Year 3 (2018/2019) has started and is underway. However, it has not been completed yet. Cause: The hiring process was almost completed but had to start over again, after identifying problems in the originally selected proposal, which would affect the quality of service delivery. Countermeasure: Amendment to contract with the supplier of one of the territories.
The fencing of approximately 500 springs for Year 3 (2018/2019) has not been fully completed. A total of 14 springs were fenced. Cause: Delay in the mobilization stage, due to delay in hiring the supplier. Fencing only begins after mobilization. Countermeasure: New companies were hired to carry out the mobilization. In addition, the fencing of Year 3 (2018/2019) will be carried out in parallel with that of other years.
The activities of the pilot project of the Institute for Ecological Research (IPE) did not start. Cause: The scope presented by the institute did not converge with the Foundation's interests, did not provide for interaction with social actors, and needed to be reviewed. Countermeasure: Request a revision of the work plan, taking into account requests for change (already requested).
In 2019, 2,511,826 seedlings were expected to be produced in 13 nurseries or more. Also expected was the expansion of the arrangement and construction of new partnerships to incubate the first seeds and seedlings network in the Doce River Basin. However, 1,006,647 seedlings were produced in 10 nurseries through the seeds and seedlings network. Cause: Demand less than initially projected. After detailing the study of planting locations, there was less area available for planting. Part of the areas made available by rural producers presented rocky outcrops, water mirrors, very steep relief and large erosions, making planting unfeasible, for physical and safety reasons. Therefore, it did not make sense to produce the number originally planned. Countermeasure: There is no countermeasure.
Signing of the term of adhesion to the Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact. With the adhesion, another channel is created for the development, knowledge and sharing of forest restoration techniques. With over 260 thousand members and ten years of experience, the Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact aims to improve forestry techniques with large-scale results and generate environmental, social and economic benefits. The main focus is to enable the worldwide recovery of 15 million hectares by the year 2050, including annual targets and the monitoring of results. Through this partnership, all forest restoration actions carried out by the Renova Foundation in the Atlantic Forest biome become part of the Pact's initiatives. These actions cover approximately 45 thousand hectares along the Doce River Basin.
Upper Doce River
Execution of tillage services for forest restoration by EGIS on the properties in Coimbra (MG).
Obtaining the number of engaged landowners for the takeoff process with the non-governmental organization CIAAT in Ponte Nova (MG), for Year 3 (2018/2019).

• More presentations of the Forest Restoration RFP were held in the municipalities of Frei Inocencio (MG), Campanario (MG), Divino das Laranjeiras (MG) and Resplendor (MG).
Upper Doce River
• Continuation of tillage activities of Year 03 (2018/2019) in permanent preservation areas (PPA) and groundwater recharge areas (GRAs) in the municipality of Coimbra (MG);
• Planting at springs on properties of the municipality of Coimbra (MG).
Mid Doce River
• Continuation of planting activities in the spring areas of Year 02 (2017/2018) in the Suaçui Sub-Basin (MG) by the non-governmental Technical Information and Assessment Center (CIAAT).
Lower Doce River
• Filing of 150 springs for Year 03 (2018/2019) in the municipalities of Colatina (ES), Marilandia (ES) and Linhares (ES), distributed over 85 rural properties.
• Continuation of the second year of maintenance and replanting of year 01 (2016/2017) by the company Inovesa.

• The third stage of the working group meeting was held in Brasilia-DF, for the revision of decree 5.153/2004, which provides for the National Seed and Seedling System - SNSM and other measures. The participation of the Renova Foundation, together with members of the Atlantic Forest Seed Networks, Cerrado and other partners was essential to maintain the designation of the forest seed collector in the decree. According to the Foundation, the use of the seed collector guarantees the traceability of the entire forest seed chain process, as well as giving visibility to the seed sector chain link that is usually marginalized.
• Presentation of the Restoration RFP in the municipalities of Itambacuri (MG), Jampruca (MG), Galileia (MG), Linhares (ES), and Rio Bananal (ES).
Upper Doce River
• Initiation of the soil preparation activities of Year 03 (2018/2019) in the Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs) and Water Recharge Areas (ARH) in Coimbra (MG).
• Completion of the fencing for demarcation of the plants of Year 03 (2018/2019) in Coimbra (MG).
Mid Doce River
• Initiation of planting and maintenance activities in the spring areas of Year 02 (2017/2018) in the Suaçui Sub-Basin (MG) by the non-governmental organization Technical Information and Assessment Center (CIAAT).
• Maintenance activities in the spring areas of Year 01 (2016/2017) in the Suaçui Sub-Basin by the company Inovesa.
• Fencing activities in the spring areas of the year 03 (2018/2019) in the Suaçui Sub-Basin by indigenous Krenak people.
Lower Doce River
• Mobilization related to the milestone “Conclusion of the mobilization of the contractor to implement the forest restoration of Year 02 (2017/2018) in Espirito Santo” did not occur. Cause: Need to review the deadlines for the technical scope due to strategy change. Countermeasure: Redefine business proposal to meet new strategy for shorter term contracts. This will allow to start activities in December.

• Second operational training by the Bioflora consulting team on 09/02 and 09/03, in Governador Valadares, to train the team of the Mid and Lower Doce River in the application of the operational procedure for implementation of the areas under restoration.
• Presentation of the program to the Doce River Basin Committee (CBH-Doce) to help update the Integrated Water Resources Plan (IWRM) in the Doce River Basin.
• Presentation of the political, social, institutional, ecological and technological criteria used to map and prioritize forest restoration areas along the Doce River Basin, and work on post-collapse emergency actions, integrated rural property repair, and strategy for farmer involvement. The presentation was made by the Sustainable Land Use team between 09/24 and 09/28, at the 8th World Conference on Ecological Restoration, held in Cape Town, South Africa. The studies were developed in partnership with the Federal Universities of Minas Gerais and Vicosa (UFMG and UFV).
Mid Doce River:
• Mobilization of the non-governmental organization CIAAT (Information and Technical Assistance Center) for the implementation of forest restoration in the sub-basin of Suacui (MG) in Year 02 (2017/2018).
• Remobilization of rural producers in the Suacui sub-basin (MG).
• Beginning of pre-planting activities in the spring areas of the Suacui sub-basin (MG) by the non-governmental organization CIAAT (Information and Technical Assistance Center).

• Presentation of the methodology and schedule of the Forest Inventory carried out by the contractor Brandt at SEAMA-ES (with the participation of the Espirito Santo State Secretary of Environment) and at ICMBio (Brasilia).
• Technical training for monitoring natural areas and those being restored, held on 08/19/2019 and 08/20/2019 at Instituto Terra, in Aimores (MG). The technicians involved in the recovery of the Doce River Basin attended practical and theoretical classes taught by specialists from Bioflora Restoration Technology. In addition to staff of the Renova Foundation, Progen, Brandt and Instituto Terra, members of the Technical Board CT-Flor also participated (Ibama, CBH-Doce, IEF, IEMA).
• Presentation of the GIS (Geographic Information System) and commencement of registration process and training of CT-Flor members. The portal will facilitate monitoring and improve inspections and progress of the programs.

• Mid Doce River: Planned: Terms of commitment to the Program (PSA) signed by the landowners in the Suacui Sub-Basin were not obtained in their entirety. This activity refers to the milestone “Maintenance process in the properties in the Suacui Sub-Basin (CIAAT) of Year 02 (2017/2018)”. Cause: Pending points with some producers delayed the completion of the activity. Countermeasure: Increase the deadline by one month to resolve outstanding issues and obtain the terms of commitment, so as not to delay the completion of forest restoration and maintenance of the Suacui Sub-Basin.
• Mid Doce River: Mobilization of CIAAT, which will implement forest restoration in the springs of the Suacui Sub-Basin for Year 02 (2017/2018), after cancellation with the previous contractor.
• Lower Doce River: Planned: Terms of commitment to the Program (PSA) signed by the owners of the Pontoes and Lagoas Sub-Basin were not obtained in their entirety. This activity refers to the milestone “Forest maintenance process in the properties in the Pontoes and Lagoas Sub-Basin of the Year 02 (2017/2018)”. Cause: The field team had to prioritize other activities, reducing the pace of the activities of program 27. Countermeasure: Increase the deadline to obtain the terms of commitment with 15 days, so that it does not delay the completion of the Pontoes and Lagoas Sub-Basin.
• Lower Doce River: A technical field visit was carried out with companies that will be selected to carry out forest restoration in years 01 (2016/2017), 02 (2017/2018) and 03 (2018/2019). Companies delivered technical and commercial proposals.
• Presented the methodology for Forest Inventory to SEMAD and requested support regarding consent, information and maps.
• Publication of the RFP of the Forest Restoration Program.
• Presentation of the Forest Inventory methodology to IEMA-ES, ICMBio/SISBIO and request for support regarding consent, information and maps.

• Mid Doce River: terms of commitment to the Program (PSA) signed by the owners of the Suacui sub-basin were not obtained in their entirety. The field team had to prioritize the identification and fencing activities of Springs of Year 03, temporarily halting the activities of Year 02 (2017/2018). Countermeasure: increase the deadline to obtain the terms of commitment in one month, so that it does not delay the completion of the maintenance of the Suacui sub-basin.
• Mid Doce River: Fence builder courses for indigenous people (3 groups).
• Mid Doce River: partial delivery of inputs (wires, stakes, posts and staples) and equipment (PPE) in the Krenak Indigenous Territories.
• Lower Doce River: collective presentation of program 27 for the mobilization of properties in the Pontoes and Lagoas sub-basin.
• Lower Doce River: terms of commitment to the Program (PSA) signed by the owners of the Pontoes and Lagoas sub-basin were not obtained in their entirety. The field team had to prioritize forest restoration activities of program 17 (Resumption of Agricultural Activities), temporarily halting activities of program 27. Countermeasure: increase the deadline to obtain the terms of commitment in one month, so that it does not delay the completion of forest restoration of the Pontoes and Lagoas sub-basin.
• Lower Doce River: Initiated the process that monitors the quality of the planting in the sub-basins of Suaçui and Pontoes and Lagoas of the Year 01 (2016/2017).
• Approval of distribution of all springs of the River Basin Committees CBH-Pontoes and Lagoas, CBH-Suaçui and CHB-Piranga in a plenary meeting at CBH-Doce.
• CIF Resolution 293 of June 24, 2019, which approves the document “Doce River Basin Springs Recovery Program” (PG27) and recommends observing CIF Resolutions No. 135/2017 and No. 186/2018, which approve the inspection reports of Augias Operation, Olhos D’agua Springs Phases I and II, for implementation of the Program.
• Presentation at the National Water Agency in Brasilia of all SLU water-focused programs to contribute to the Doce River Basin Integrated Water Resources Plan.

• Candonga to the River Mouth (Mid Doce River): mobilization of the contractor (Bioma) to monitor the quality of the plantations of the Suacui, Pontoes and Lagoas sub-basins and Krenak Indigenous Territories.
• Candonga to the River Mouth (Mid Doce River): There was a delay in installing the fences on the properties of the Krenak Indigenous Territories to implement the Individual Property Project (IPP), as there was a misalignment in the understanding of the scope of the program by the indigenous people, requiring a negotiation among the interested parties. Extra staff of Renova will be mobilized to define the scope of the Krenak Indigenous Territories program, in partnership with indigenous people, compensating for the delay and meeting the program’s demand.
• Candonga to the River Mouth (Mid Doce River): the mobilization team faced difficulties in the detection of springs in the region to complete the installation of the fences on the properties of the Suacui sub-basin to implement the IPP. CBH-Doce will be asked to define new areas to reallocate the number of springs that will be recovered to new regions, thus meeting the expected amount until 07/26/19.
• Candonga to the River Mouth (Lower Doce River): presentation of program 27 for mobilization of properties in the Pontoes e Lagoas sub-basin was not carried out due to a delay in the signature of the contractual addendum and in the availability of contracted resources (CIAAT) caused by the contractor's difficulties to meet the prerequisites, for example: meeting the required safety requirements. The program will be presented to homeowners by mid-June 2019, mobilizing resources once all signatures of the Partnership Agreement have been collected, in order to execute the forest restoration works according to expected timeframes.
• Scope of the Springs Recovery Program and its indicators with goals and budget were approved by Technical Board CTFlor.

• Candonga to River Mouth (Lower Doce River):
Planned: to issue a purchase requisition for competitive bidding process for a Service Provider in Espirito Santo for the implementation in the field of programs 26 and 27, replacing the predecessor, who terminated the contract. Cause: not accomplished due to the high complexity of the activities and demands, in addition to the lack of staff for structuring the process in Espirito Santo. Countermeasure: search for technical support in other teams.
• Candonga to River Mouth (Mid Doce River):
Planned: perform selection and ranking of properties for forest restoration around springs for Year 3. Cause: was not accomplished due to the difficulty in prospecting springs in the defined locations. Countermeasure: CBH-Doce was asked to define new locations where forest restoration could be carried out.
• Candonga to River Mouth (Mid Doce River): Partial elaboration of participatory rural diagnosis (DRP) and paddocks of work units defined for Forest Restoration in Springs.
• Candonga to River Mouth (Mid Doce River): submitted the Forest Inventory contract with Brandt for ecological monitoring.
• Candonga to River Mouth (Mid Doce River): initiation of the delivery of supplies for fencing of springs in the Krenak Indigenous Territory.
• Candonga to River Mouth (Upper, Mid and Lower Doce River): approval by the Doce River Basin Committee of the areas of implementation of the Springs Recovery Program Recovery Program and its execution in conjunction with the implementation of the Permanent Preservation Areas Recovery Program.
• Candonga to River Mouth (Mid Doce River): approval by the Piranga River Basin Committee for the composition of the local unit to support the Springs Recovery Program.
• Candonga to River Mouth (Mid Doce River): approval by the Hydrographic Basin Committee of Pontoes and Lagoons of the Doce for the installation of a local unit to support the Springs Recovery Program and the Permanent Preservation Areas Recovery Program.

Upper Doce River: Regarding the enclosure of the PPAs, 38.03 ha of the 50-ha target has been completed. Activity on 53 properties, of which 48 have been completed and released for planting. Under evaluation, alternative solution for planting this rainy season, for replacing the current Contractor. New goal agreed with the producers to be finalized by April/2019.
Mid/Lower Doce River: Approval by the CIF of P4 - Scheduling of priority restoration areas in Permanent Preservation Area (PPA) and Water Recharge Area (ARH) on 03/28/2019.
Mid/Lower Doce River: Validation and approval by the CIF of the PPA/ARH areas and springs of the Pilot Project on 03/28/2019.
Lower Doce River: On 03/19, 03/20 and 03/21/2019, an audit was carried out in Colatina and Pancas (ES) in the areas of programs 26 and 27. Positive feedback was received in relation to the actions carried out and especially the commitment that the Renova Foundation has demonstrated with the rural producers. The contracted audit reported that possibly two teams will conduct audits for programs 26 and 27, one responsible for the activities in ES and another for those in MG. At the next audit, at the end of April, the contractor must monitor the execution of the activities of the company responsible for maintaining the plantations.
Approval of the escalation of springs to the Technical Board of Critical Events Management (CTGEC) of the Doce River Basin Committee (CBH).

In January/2019, the third year of the Spring Recovery Program began, a fundamental action to revitalize the Doce River Basin.
Of the 500 springs expected to be recovered in this stage, 350 are in Minas Gerais (100 in the Piranga basin and 250 in the Suacui basin) and 150 in Espirito Santo. The regions were selected by the Doce River Basin Committee (CBH-Doce), together with the River Basin Committees (CBH) of Suacui, Pontoes and Lagoons of the Doce and Piranga Rivers.
The first year, the recovery process started with 511 springs on 216 properties. The second year, it were 528 springs on 233 properties. The goal of the program is to recover 5,000 springs in ten years.
On 2/19, 2/20 and 02/21/2019, an audit was carried out in the areas of PG027 in Colatina and Pancas (ES) by the RAMBOLL/Prosecution Service team.

In January, the third year of the Spring Recovery Program began, a fundamental action for the revitalization of the Doce River Basin.
Of the 500 springs expected to be recovered in this stage, 350 are in Minas Gerais (100 in the Piranga basin and 250 in the Suacui basin) and 150 in Espirito Santo. The regions were selected by the Doce River Basin Committee (CBH-Doce), together with the River Basin Committees (CBH) of Suacui, Pontoes and Lagoons of the Doce and Piranga Rivers. The first year, the recovery process started with 511 springs on 216 properties.. The second year, it were 539 springs on 236 properties. The goal of the program is to recover 5,000 springs within ten years.
Furthermore, the last call was held for the collective presentation of the Spring Recovery Program to landowners in the Suacui River Basin region.

On 12/17/2018, the document "Definition of the Recovery Program for Environmental Area 1" was approved by the Technical Board of Forestry Restoration and Water Production (CT-FLOR) of the Interfederative Committee (CIF), in compliance with TTAC clauses 158, 159 and 160.
On 12/08/2018, a technical training course was held for analysts and environmental educators of the Technical Information and Assessment Center (CIAAT).

On 11/13, a workshop was held to create awareness about the Doce River basin restoration project in Galileia (MG) - a partnership between the Renova Foundation and WWF.

On 10/25 and 10/26, the II Symposium of Native Forest Species took place in Belo Horizonte. The event, organized by the Federal University of Vicosa through the CIF, was attended by 7 nursery workers of the Renova Foundation. Renova's participation in this process made it possible to aggregate knowledge for nursery workers, to expand the network of contacts, and to serve as a trigger for the seed and seedlings network.

Completed Phase 1 of the Payment for Environmental Services (PSA) Tender with 300 registered farmers and approximately 270 eligible properties. Of these properties, 188 hectares of Permanent Preservation Areas and 711 hectares of other areas were made available for restoration.
On 09/26, a field visit was carried out in 5 of the 8 indigenous villages of Resplendor/MG, at the request of the tribal chiefs to learn more about the springs and PPAs recovery activities on the properties of Year 1 and 2. The Foundation team clarified doubts, gathered experiences and aligned the expectations of the farmers already participating in the program. This visit helped to increase the confidence of the participating villages, resulting in an agenda for mobilization (social cartography) of their activities. With the purpose of getting to know the pioneering work of ecological restoration and Xingu Seed Network, technicians of the Renova Foundation and Tribal Chief Krenak participated in the 3rd Expedition of the Ecological Restoration and the Xingu Seed Network in the State of Minas Gerais between 09/27 and 09/30. The group were shown several collection areas and how the collectors make benefit of the seeds, and where and how they are stored. With a focus on forest restoration, they visited areas in the process of greenery restoration using a sowing technique known as "Muvuca". The expectation is to replicate the knowledge in the activities of the program.
At the Juparana Lagoon, in the municipality of Linhares (ES), all the farmers who are requesting "emergency aid" are being attended, with provision of sheep feed, cattle pasture leasing and stabilization of trees in a recreation area on the properties affected by the flooding, due to the Pequeno River barrier.

On August 13, a workshop was held in Mariana/MG, aimed at promoting discussions with local stakeholders interested in the territory to incorporate their perceptions in the methodology developed jointly with the UFV and UFMG Universities for area prioritization. The methodology will supplement the definition of locations in the Doce River basin to receive forest restoration of 40,000 hectares in a participatory manner. The model of perceptions was consolidated after this workshop and sent to the Universities to evaluate the possibility of incorporating suggestions in the methodology by 09/30.

Between 7/24 and 7/26, workshops were held in the municipalities of Governador Valadares, Caratinga, Aimores and Colatina, with the aim of promoting discussions with local stakeholders interested in the territory, to incorporate perceptions in the methodology for prioritization of areas elaborated in conjunction with the Federal University of Vicosa (UFV) and the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG). The methodology will support the definition of districts in the Doce River Basin that will receive forest restoration of 40 thousand hectares in a participatory manner. The next workshop will be held on 08/13 in Mariana.

4th Meeting of Environmental Education for Fire Prevention. As a deliberate measure, the pilot project will initially focus on environmental education for fire prevention, on properties included in the Forest Restoration programs, and public schools near the districts. 16 properties were defined in Periquito/MG, 4 in Jampruca/MG and 29 in Colatina/ES.

In year 1 of the recovery of springs (implementation in 2017) recovery actions were implemented for 511 springs, which are in maintenance and monitoring phase. In year 2 of the recovery of springs (implementation in 2018), 532 springs are contemplated, in addition to 776 hectares of PPAs and water recharge areas, on a total of 229 properties. 46.8% of these springs have been fenced and 27.2% of PPA areas and water recharge have been fenced. The PSA Tender (Payment for Environmental Services) already received 224 registrations, with a total of 209 eligible properties in the Doce River Basin, which total 228 hectares subject to payment.

In June, the activities of the agreement between the Renova Foundation and the WWF began. The objective is to develop an innovative large-scale forest recovery project integrated with regional rural development into an inclusive community approach.

The idea is to replicate it in 40,000 hectares of degraded PPAs within the Doce River basin area. By September 2018, local governance will be structured and strengthened for the implementation of this initiative through the formalization of a Project Management Unit (PMU).

The agreement has the following goals:

1. Ensure that 300 ha of PPAs are undergoing the forest recovery process by March 2019;
2. Implement three demonstration units by December 2019;
3. Make Payments for Environmental Services (PES), by December 2020, to at least 50 rural producers committed to forest recovery and maintenance;
4. Have, by February 2021, at least 25 owners with possibilities of rural development in progress on their properties.

Within the program, the last delivery of inputs was also carried out to guarantee the fencing and allow planting in 2018. The materials were delivered to the owners for the construction of protection fences in the areas to be recovered, according to marking done in the field by the program team. Fencing is the responsibility of the owners.

In addition to the delivery of inputs, payment was made to the owners for the fencing of areas undergoing planting recovery in 2018. The action is carried out in partnership with Instituto Terra, by verifying the fences that were made and elaboration of the project.

These programs’ actions are reported in the section dedicated to Program 17, which deals with the integrated action between socioenvironmental and socioeconomic initiatives to repair and adapt rural properties impacted by the collapse of the Fundao dam.

A work plan was developed together with the Ipe Institute, focused on education for the restoration of native forests. The target audience for this initiative are the partner institutions of the Renova Foundation. They will be responsible for acting directly or indirectly in the recovery of PPAs and springs.

A partnership with IBIO was also approved to begin the process of promoting the first seeds and seedlings supply chain in the Doce river basin area. The objective of this activity is to provide assistance and technical support, training nursery producers in management skills and seed and seedling production techniques. The goal is for these locations to be able to meet the demands of the reparatory and compensatory programs.

Another activity initiated this period was the collection of soil samples, for fertility analysis, on the properties selected in the forest restoration programs. It will be carried out on all the selected properties and will provide the definition of the appropriate cultivation practices for planting in each area.

In addition, a map was issued showing the degradation sources that affect the Doce River Basin, a document that integrates the scope of the study on prioritization criteria and areas for environmental recovery in the Doce River basin. This will be one of the main sources for the mapping of priority areas for reforestation. The study is the result of an agreement signed between the Renova Foundation and Federal Universities of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and Vicosa (UFV).

Another action worth mentioning is the completion of the immersion course in social technologies and field assessment. The purpose of this course was to train the technicians of the Renova Foundation’s partner companies for the implementation of the Rapid Participatory Assessment and Social Cartography, which will support the creation of the Individual Property Projects (IPPs). The course is the result of a partnership between the Renova Foundation and the Technical Information and Assessment Center (CIAAT), an institution active in the mid Doce River region.

Fencing of the springs of year 2 began. The Renova Foundation was audited by the audit firm RAMBOLL at the springs of year 1, with the objective of checking out the fencing, existence of springs, plants and plant maintenance.

Software to support the development of executive projects for the Recovery of Springs and other Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs) was developed. The tool stores properties mapped using georeferencing, is available (online) and in full operation. The Individual Property Projects (IPP) records for year 2 have already been posted on the platform.

The technical immersion training in social technologies and field assessments started this month, at the Technical Information and Assessment Center (CIAAT) for the preparation of the individual property projects.

The Payment for Environmental Services (PSA) Call was published. It aims to engage producers, seeking support for forest restoration activities.

A meeting was held with professors of the Rural Economy Department of the Federal Universities of Vicosa (UFV) and Minas Gerais (UFMG), starting work as part of the Agreement to study which areas should receive priority in forest restoration.

Continuing the mobilization process for the recovery of 600 hectares of PPA and springs in year 2, the PSA - Phase 1 Call was approved by the Technical Board for Forestry Restoration and Water Production (CT-Flor). The announcement contains information on the payment for environmental services, rules, form for participation, selection criteria and others.

Individual meetings were also held with producers to confirm data for the CAR registry and collective consent protocols of owners contemplated in the mobilization for the recovery of springs in year 2, and the recovery of Permanent Preservation Areas. For the consent meeting were delivered the invites for the property owners, selected or not, and the consent protocol.

In January, a meeting was held with the State Secretariat for the Environment and Water Resources (Seama-ES), with the objective of knowing the portal of the Reforestation Program, tool for the management and control of the paid environmental services projects.

Responses to CIF resolutions No. 133 and 134 were elaborated. They cover the document for selecting and marking parent plants and collecting forest seeds, and the technical report on the identification and mapping of nurseries of native and exotic species. Issued by the CIF, Resolution No. 135, which approves with exception the Ibama report "Recovery of Springs in the Doce River Basin - Year 01", in compliance with clause 163 of the TTAC, included a response to item 4.

The planting stage along the 511 springs of year 1 has come to an end. The planting of seedlings, which will help to restore the springs of the Doce River Basin, began on November 13 in Colatina, Espirito Santo. This action is being carried out in partnership with the Earth Institute (Instituto Terra), which provided about 306 thousand seedlings.

Collective meetings were also held with the rural landowners to present the program and register those interested in the process of recovering 600 hectares of Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs) and 500 springs of year 2. The actions were defined together with the committees of Suacui, Pontoes and Lakes of the Doce River and Piranga and took place in the regions of Coimbra, Periquito, Galileia, Sao Victor, in Minas Gerais, and Pancas, Marilandia and Colatina, in Espirito Santo, between December 2 and 21. In these meetings, 311 properties were registered, and 687 springs were analyzed in the different localities.

Booklets on the recovery of springs, developed by the Renova Foundation, were sent to the Earth Institute, who will distribute the material to the rural landowners who participated in the first year of the Springs Program.

The Renova Foundation started planting seedlings around the 511 springs already fenced. The action, which will support the revitalization of the Doce River Basin, began in Colatina (ES) and is expected to be completed by the end of the year. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Earth Institute (Instituto Terra), which provided about 306 thousand seedlings for planting.

During the month of November, rural property owners were called for collective meetings to present the program. This campaign is part of the registration process of the owners that may participate in the process for recovering 600 hectares of PPAs and 500 springs of year 2. The actions were defined together with the committees of Suacui, Pontoes and Lakes of the Doce and Piranga rivers. The meetings will take place between November 2 and 21 in the regions of Coimbra, Periquito, Galileia and Sao Victor (MG), Pancas, Marilandia and Colatina (ES).

Pre-planting activities were carried out, such as mowing, alignment, crowning, dibbling and liming of the first 511 springs. The activity, carried out by the rural owners, is paramount for the success of planting the seedlings and will take place along the Doce river basin in the short rainy season, from November to January.

In October, meetings were also held with the Suacui, Pontoes and Piranga committees, with the purpose of outlining the strategies for meetings to register property owners that are candidates for integrating the fencing process for restoration of springs in year two.

Weeding, alignment, tilling and liming of the first 511 fenced springs. Done by the rural property owners, these activities are essential for the successful planting of seedlings, which will be carried out in the short rainy season of the Doce River Basin, which takes place between November and January. For including the next 500 springs, the proposal of the Renova Foundation was filed at the committees of the Piranga, Pontoes and Suacui basins.

To make sure the field date collections are done with agility and uniformity and are reliable, training took place with teams of Progen and Instituto Terra to align how to use the data collector. The study includes hydrological characterization, landform, flora, fauna and monitoring of pre-and post-planting activities, besides the georeferencing of the fenced area and the springs.

The basic botanical identification training was completed with field technicians at the Instituto Terra to identify species that are fundamental to the balance of local ecosystems. This work makes it possible to minimize the planting of regenerating forest species.

Activities were initiated involving the fencing on properties and weeding around some springs, besides marking the seedlings.

The process of social mobilization, including local municipal governments and landowners, is being aligned with the river basin committees of the Suaçuí, Pontões and Piranga rivers in Minas Gerais, to engage in the recovery process of springs. The document was presented and should be filed in September 2017.

The Technical Board for Forestry Restoration and Water Production (CT-FLOR), approved the Study of Prospecting and Assessment of Nurseries and the Term of Reference for Marking Forest Matrices and Seed Collection. The study will guide the deployment of the recovery of springs program and recovery of PPAs Program. It will be possible to understand and structure the seedling production chain and to prepare the mapped nurseries to meet the demands created by revegetation activities.

Realization of theoretical and practical training, organized by the Renova Foundation, at the Instituto Terra, with the field technicians of the institute, with the aim of aligning the techniques for restoring the Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs) of the springs fenced in year 1. Field technicians at Instituto Terra have also received basic training to identify key species in the field, which are essential for the balance of local ecosystems. This identification also makes it possible to minimize the planting of regenerating forest species, which are already being used in great quantity in the revegetation of the springs.

The revised working plan on the evaluation and monitoring of the impacts on the terrestrial flora of the Doce River in the areas affected by the collapse of the Fundão dam. The revision was conducted in compliance with warning 0179/2017 of the State Institute for Environment and Water Resources of Espirito Santo (IEMA/ES), in which adjustments were requested to the earlier registered document.

On June 14, 2017, the term of reference of the public notice for Payment for Environmental Services (PSA) was filed. Due to some additions, a new document was filed on June 19, 2017. The term meets the decision of the Inter-Federative Committee (ICF), which establishes the minimum criteria for the adoption of payment for environmental services in compliance with clause 161 of the TTAC. The objective is to detail the technical specifications, as well as to provide guidelines with minimum criteria for the adoption of PSA in the Doce river basin.

Development of the operational procedure for soil collection and analysis, which aims to standardize activities of this nature, with the purpose of analyzing the aluminum content, soil acidity and nutritional deficiencies of the planting areas and recommend the use of correctives and fertilizers, when necessary.

On June 20, 2017, this procedure was presented in the form of training to the technicians of Instituto Terra (the Earth Institute), who were responsible for soil collection in the areas of the springs. The selection of the sampling points for soil collection considered the distribution of the springs, according to the different types of soils. Instituto Terra was responsible for using the recommendation for the use of correctives and fertilizers in planting.

A Study of Nurseries was carried out in response to the IBAMA workshop, which presents the identification and mapping of nurseries of native and exotic species of the Doce river basin.

Workshop on Forest Restoration in the Doce River Valley, on 3 and 4 May 2017, with the participation of specialists from private and public sectors and various parties representing society. Environmental and economic alternatives were presented related to forest restoration, in 40,000 hectares (almost 100,000 acres) and 5,000 springs in the Doce River Basin, such as agroforestry systems, payment for environmental services and tropical silviculture.

The Inter-Federative Committee (CIF) was given the Working Plan for Mapping Alternative Springs in the water catchment areas. Filed with the Executive Office of the CIF the study of prospection and diagnosis of the nurseries of seedlings of native and exotic species of the Doce River Basin. This study will support the planning of the Springs Recovery and APPs programs.

The Technical Cooperation Agreement with the State Environmental Institute (Iema-ES) and the international NGO The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is being drafted for the purpose of assigning the use of the Reforestation Portal to the Renova Foundation. The tool will be able to provide data for the management activities of the Spring Recovery and Permanent Preservation Areas Recovery (APPs) programs.

Initiation of recovery of the first 500 springs along the basins of the rivers Pancas, Santa Maria do Rio Doce and Suaçuí Grande, as defined by the Doce River Basin Committee (CBH-Doce). The first and most important step for the recovery of the springs was the protection or fencing, for which posts of treated eucalyptus were used with 4 to 5 threads of barbed or barbless wire in an average circumference of 314 meters (1030 feet). 511 springs were identified on 217 properties. The next phases of the implementation process will take place in the coming months, with the implementation of firebreaks, natural regeneration by conduction, control of unwanted grasses, control of leaf-cutting ants, fertilization, liming - if necessary -, plantation and replantation.

The activities of the Earth Institute as part of the project for the recovery of 500 springs during the first year of the Transaction and Conduct Adjustment Term (TTAC) are ongoing. To date, 511 springs have been fenced and protected and 204 rural farmers have been mobilized. Furthermore, the preparation of the Standard Operating Procedure for forest seedling production has begun.

The activities of the Earth Institute within the project for the recovery of 500 springs during the first year of the Transaction and Conduct Adjustment Term (TTAC) are ongoing. So far, 204 farmers were mobilized and 370 springs were protected/fenced, of which 259 in January only.

Initiation of activities of the Earth Institute within the project for the recovery of 500 springs during the first year of the Transaction and Conduct Adjustment Term (TTAC). So far, 204 farmers were registered, for 513 springs a technical design project was developed, material was distributed for the fencing of 300 springs, of which 111 have already been fenced, and planting was completed in 4 springs.

The Earth Institute began its works on November 8 and has already registered 262 springs, of which 124 in the basin of the Suaçuí Grande River, 78 in the basin of the Santa Maria do Doce River and 60 in basin of the Pancas River. Furthermore, on November 28 the delivery of basic materials for fencing and planting started. The supplies for 44 springs were delivered, of which 30 in the basin of the Suaçuí Grande River, 7 in the Santa Maria do Doce River and 7 in the Pancas River basin.

The agreement with the Terra Institute for the initial recovery of 500 springs is under review to meet the timeframe of the Transaction and Conduct Adjustment Term (TTAC).

In September 2016, the civil non-profit organization Institute Terra was contracted, which acts in the Vale do Rio Doce region, between the States of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, to recover 500 springs by March 2017.


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