Live online hangout session held with professionals responsible for the implementation of DUs
Last Thursday, July 11, we received the specialists responsible for the project “Renewing Landscapes” of the Renova Foundation in another online “Bate Papo” session. Vitor Hermeto, from the Sustainable Land Use front and responsible for the project, led the conversation with Claudio Pontes, specialist in silviculture from WRI Brazil; Martin Meier, expert in Agroforestry Systems of the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry – ICRAF and Flavio Baracho, specialist in Ecological Pasture Management of the Ecological Farm.
The conversation started with Vitor contextualizing the project and the program for resumption of agricultural and livestock activities affected by the Fundao dam collapse, in which the project is inserted. The program serves more than 200 properties – about 9 thousand hectares in area – distributed over the municipalities of Mariana, Barra Longa, Ponte Nova, Santa Cruz do Escalvado and Rio Doce, in Minas Gerais. With a sustainable rural development approach, all program actions take into account the environmental, economic, social and cultural context of which the properties are part. “This resumption must be economically viable, environmentally friendly and socially fair,” said Hermeto. Vitor also presented the characteristics of the region. “With low economic diversity, most towns are supplied by large distribution centers. About 65% of the territory consists of pasture, which is normally unmanaged and where forest has been removed. These actions have resulted in erosion, decreased quality and availability of water throughout the year,” he explained.
Claudio Pontes, specialist in Silviculture of WRI Brazil, began his presentation by contextualizing the institution’s activities in the project. With extensive experience in applying projects on economically oriented Silviculture of Native Species, WRI has invited the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) to implement the DUs for Agroforestry Systems (SAFs) and the Ecological Farm to implement the DUs for Ecological Pasture Management. In total, there are 25 model farms of which 15 are pasture, 5 SAFs and 5 silviculture.
Claudio also explained how the silviculture model for economic purposes works and how it was implemented in the territory. “The mobilization featured presentations and demonstrations to show how Demonstration Units work. In addition, we established criteria and gave out scores to the properties to see which ones had the greatest potential to receive the technologies,” said Pontes. Access the presentation: silviculture_dus
Martin Meier, specialist in Agroforestry Systems at the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), also presented how the technology works. “The idea is to rework degraded areas in order to restore the original natural structure. Systems in which humans seeks to accelerate what already naturally happens in nature. ICRAF’s mission is to take advantage of the multiple benefits that trees can bring not only to agricultural systems, but also to the issue of environmental resilience”, he explained. Access the presentation: agriforestry_systems_dus
With the largest number of Demonstration Units in the project and responsible for Ecological Pasture Management, Flavio Baracho, from the Floresta Farm also spoke about the technology, which, in short, combines animal husbandry and tree planting to improve productivity and conservation of the territories. “By planting trees, you benefit the nutrition of the grass and also benefit the animal, which, in the shade, no longer uses energy to maintain its body temperature. In addition, it facilitates the retention of water in the soil, reducing erosion,” said Flavio. By bringing ecological pasture management into the territory, the goal is to increase production, improve management to increase the well-being of the population, the river, and the environment as a whole. Access the presentation: ecological_pasture_dus
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