Emission of the urban licensing and authorization for vegetal suppression allow the intervention to begin
The Municipal Works and Urban Management Secretariat at Mariana issued, on June 5, the Urban Licensing which enables the start of the earthworks for the resettlement of Paracatu de Baixo, subdistrict of Mariana (State of Minas Gerais), affected by the tailings from the Fundão Dam. Machinery and labor will be mobilized for the construction of the worksite for drilling surveys and fencing of the area chosen by the community for the reconstruction of the village.
The Collegiate Regional Unit of the Environmental Policy Council (COPAM – MG) from the State Department of Environment and Sustainable Development (SEMAD – MG)also approved the issuance of authorization for the vegetal suppression within the chosen area. On May, the Renova Foundation concluded the worksite, with the installation of offices, toilets, parking lot, ambulatory and cafeteria.
Another important step was obtaining the consent from the Municipal Patrimony and Cultural Council of Mariana (COMPAT) in early May. The document establishes the conditions to be executed to mitigate and compensate the impacts of the works. Amongst such is the installation of a fire protection system in the São Caetano Church, in the district of MonsenhorHorta and in theBom Jesus do Monte Church, in the district of Furquim. The structures date back to the 18th century and are of excellent historical and cultural significance. Emergency actions are also planned in the structure of these churches and at the headquarters of the São Caetano Music Society, established in 1836 and regarded to be the fourth oldest group in Brazil and the fifth oldest in Minas Gerais. It was also demanded that some buildings of the ancient MonsenhorHorta district train station are renovated.
For the Reconstruction and Infrastructure Director of the Renova Foundation, Carlos Rogério Freire de Carvalho, the obtaining of such documentation reaffirms the participative construction process of the resettlement. “Before submitting the project to competent organizations, steps with full involvement of the communities were necessary, starting with choosing the location of the resettlement. Each step is discussed and defined in conjunction with the future residents.”
The Community shall occupy a Special Directive Area of approximately 95 hectares, inserted in a land of about 400 hectares. The construction of Paracatu de Baixo shall be based upon the physical characteristics and in sociocultural aspects of the subdistrict affected.
While the Renova Foundation was waiting for the licensing, families started to participate in April in the design development process of their new houses. Each family nuclei is served by one architect and one social analyst. Constructive details and information related to the resident’s dynamics are gathered, such as external area, relationship between house and backyard and layout of rooms. Memories and objects collaborate with good memories. Families establish contact with the space and the first sketches and create a draft to ignite affection.
The next step, which occurs after vegetal suppression and earthworks, shall be the creation of streets that enable visitation to the land to see the plots and the perception of the neighborhood, sunlight, house displacement, among other factors. While visitations are enabled, architects simulate plots virtually. Each family will make a detailed review of what was designed, in addition to defining the respective finishing details, paint color, among others, that will be applied.
Regarding collective assets, a discussion is currently in progress with affected people in terms of the format in which such collaboration will be performed. Therefore, the location and characteristics of equipment such as schools, churches, squares, health clinic, police station, linear park, among others shall comply with legislation and must be in accordance to the collective habits.